• 1. FILM LOOKSFor the classroom
  • 2. Inspired by Frank Guttler
  • 3. The purpose of this activity is to get young filmmakers thinking about cinematography Not getting shots like this* **Numa Numa Or this***The first video ever uploaded to
  • 4. The Plan: Learn the 19 shots. Design, shoot and upload all shots. A story is not required, but a theme or motif is appreciated. Drop the shots into whatever app you are editing with. TITLE each shot with it’s name (e.g. Close up or Bird’s Eye). Creative use of titles is appreciated. Export the completed video toVimeo and send me the link. One period to shoot • One period to edit
  • 5. By the Master, Orson Welles Film School101 onYouTube
  • 6. Framing Terms 1 2 3 Master/Establishing Shot Full or Wide Shot Medium Shot Common terms used to frame object (generally actors). Establishes the context for a scene by showing the relationship between its important figures and objects. It is generally a long- or an extreme long shot at the beginning of a scene indicating where, and sometimes when, the remainder of the scene takes place. SHOTS 1-3 In film, a medium shot is shot from a medium distance. The dividing line between “wide” and “medium shot” is fuzzy, as is the line between “medium shot” and “close-up”. Source:
  • 7. 4 5 6 Medium Close-Up Close-Up Extreme Close-Up SHOTS 4-6 As a scene develops, the camera moves closer. The close up makes the character interaction more personal. Extreme close-ups indicated concern, surprise or epiphanies
  • 8. SHOTS 7-9 Source: Extreme Angle Low AngleBird’s-EyeView 7 8 9 With this type of angle, the camera looks down on the subject and the point of focus often get “swallowed up” by the setting. High angle shots also make the figure or object seem vulnerable or powerless. High angle shots are usually used in film to make the moment more dramatic or if there is someone at a high level that the character below is talking to. In cinematography, a low-angle shot, is a shot from a camera angle positioned low on the vertical axis, anywhere below the eyeline, looking up. The low angle shot creates a dramatic look. Extreme angle is used in filming to look up to something to make an object look tall, strong and mighty.
  • 9. Depth Staging Planar Staging SHOTS 10-11 Source: 10 11 Depth staging features deep perspective, with one character very close and the second farther away. This arrangement sets up Rack Focus shots. Characters are aligned in a single line, like they might appear in a theater.
  • 10. Pull Back Reveal Pull Back Reveal- the camera moves backwards to reveal the true extent of a scene. Can be in different contexts ex: scary or funny. SHOT 12 Camera
  • 11. Contract Dolly SHOT 13 Contract Dolly- the camera moves forward as an actor walks toward the camera at the same time, making a simple action more dramatic. Combining two opposite actions increases the intensity of the character’s forward movement. Camera Camera Camera
  • 12. Collapse Dolly Collapse Dolly- starts out with the camera moving backwards while facing an actor. SHOT 14 The actor walks faster than the camera, eventually overtaking it. the actor then passes out the frame to the left. Camera Camera Camera
  • 13. Point ofView “POV” SHOT 15 POV- the audience sees exactly what a character in a film sees. POV can be used to increases the audience’s emotional attachment to the character onscreen. A POV shot need not be the strict point-of-view of an actual single character in a film. Sometimes the point-of-view shot is taken over the shoulder of the character (third person), who remains visible on the screen. Sometimes a POV shot is “shared” (“dual” or “triple”), i.e. it represents the joint POV of two (or more) characters. Source:
  • 14. DarkVoyeur SHOT 16 Dark Voyeur- the classic horror and psychological thriller gimmick. The technique is used to evoke feelings of the characters in a film being watched (usually by something or someone with malicious intentions. This technique works by framing the character in the scene through the bushes or from inside the closet. This gives the impression that someone is watching them, but doesn’t want to be seen. BECOMING MORE POPULAR IN GENERAL SCENES LIKE ESTABLISHING, MEDIUM, WIDE and BIRD’s EYE
  • 15. Shadow Shadow- A unique representation of reality, a Shadow can help a filmmaker who wants to who a scene’s action indirectly. Shadows are useful when it is difficult or undesirable to show what is actually taking place in a scene. SHOT 17
  • 16. Follow Follow shot or tracking shot is a specific camera angle in which the subject being filmed is seemingly pursued by the camera. The follow shot can be achieved through tracking devices, panning, the use of a crane, and zoom lenses resulting in different qualitative images but, nevertheless, recording a subject (performer) in motion. SHOT 18 Source:
  • 17. Over the shoulder OTS is a shot of someone or something taken from the perspective or camera angle from the shoulder of another person. The back of the shoulder and head of this person is used to frame the image of whatever (or whomever) the camera is pointing toward. This type of shot is very common when two characters are having a discussion and will usually follow an establishing shot which helps the audience place the characters in their setting. SHOT 19
  • 18. Example for 8th Grade and up
  • 19. Shot On Edited On Media 1 iOS
  • 20. Workflow • Shoot together • Everyone edits • Story is nice, but the shots and titles are KING, each shot must be correctly named in a title for full credit
  • 21. Shot Number Shot Name Completed Location Take to keep/ Notes 1 Master/Establishing Shot 2 Full Shot 3 Medium Shot 4 Medium Close-Up Shot 5 Close-Up Shot 6 Extreme Close-Up Shot 7 Extreme Angle 8 Bird’s-Eye View 9 Low Angle 10 Depth Staging 11 Planar Staging 12 Pull Back Reveal 13 Contract Dolly 14 Collapse Dolly 15 Point of View “POV” 16 Dark Voyeur 17 Shadow 18 Follow Shot 19 Over the shoulder ShootingGalleryShotListPlanner
  • 22. See all the shots in Lord of the Rings and The Avengers Made by Minarets Media Student Nathan Lynch
  • 23. FILM LOOKSFor the classroom

This piece brought to us by Tim David at Apple Education… on

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